AIMS: To compare efficacy and tolerability of solifenacin 5 mg/day versus other oral antimuscarinic agents for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Literature searches of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were undertaken to identify randomized controlled trials in OAB (2000-2015) for antimuscarinic agents. A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to estimate efficacy and tolerability outcomes for solifenacin 5 mg/day relative to other antimuscarinics. RESULTS: The NMA included 53 eligible trials (published, n = 48; unpublished on search date, n = 5). Solifenacin 5 mg/day was significantly more effective than tolterodine 4 mg/day for reducing incontinence and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) episodes, but significantly less effective than solifenacin 10 mg/day for micturition; no other statistically significant differences were noted for efficacy. Solifenacin 5 mg/day had a statistically significant lower risk of dry mouth compared with darifenacin 15 mg/day, fesoterodine 8 mg/day, oxybutynin extended-release 10 mg/day, oxybutynin immediate-release (IR) 9-15 mg/day, tolterodine IR 4 mg/day, propiverine 20 mg/day, and solifenacin 10 mg/day. There were no significant differences between solifenacin 5 mg/day and other antimuscarinics for risk of blurred vision, or for 11 of 17 active comparators for risk of constipation. CONCLUSIONS: This NMA suggests that the efficacy of solifenacin 5 mg/day is at least similar to other common antimuscarinics across the spectrum of OAB symptoms analyzed, and is more effective than tolterodine 4 mg/day in reducing incontinence and UUI episodes. Solifenacin 5 mg/day has a lower risk of dry mouth compared with several agents.