Collision induced dissociation products of disulfide-bonded peptides: ions result from the cleavage of more than one bond

Collision induced dissociation products of disulfide-bonded peptides: ions result from the cleavage of more than one bond

2011 J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom

Clark, D.F. | Go, E.P. | Toumi, M.L. | Desaire, H. | Volume: 22, Issue: 3, Pages: 492-498, Algorithms, Amino Acid Sequence, analysis, chemistry, Disulfides, methods, Molecular Sequence Data, Muramidase, Peptides, Reproducibility of Results, Tandem Mass Spectrometry,

Disulfide bonds are a post-translational modification (PTM) that can be scrambled or shuffled to non-native bonds during recombinant expression, sample handling, or sample purification. Currently, mapping of disulfide bonds is not easy because of various sample requirements and data analysis difficulties. One step towards facilitating this difficult work is developing a better understanding of how disulfide-bonded peptides fragment during collision induced dissociation (CID). Most automated analysis algorithms function based on the assumption that the preponderance of product ions observed during the dissociation of disulfide-bonded peptides result from the cleavage of just one peptide bond, and in this report we tested that assumption by extensively analyzing the product ions generated when several disulfide-bonded peptides are subjected to CID on a quadrupole time of flight (QTOF) instrument. We found that one of the most common types of product ions generated resulted from two peptide bond cleavages, or a double cleavage. We found that for several of the disulfide-bonded peptides analyzed, the number of double cleavage product ions outnumbered those of single cleavages. The influence of charge state and precursor ion size was investigated, to determine if those parameters dictated the amount of double cleavage product ions formed. It was found in this sample set that no strong correlation existed between the charge state or peptide size and the portion of product ions assigned as double cleavages. These data show that these ions could account for many of the product ions detected in CID data of disulfide bonded peptides. We also showed the utility of double cleavage product ions on a peptide with multiple cysteines present. Double cleavage products were able to fully characterize the bonding pattern of each cysteine where typical single b/y cleavage products could not

https://www.doi.org/10.1007/s13361-010-0064-x